Research briefs

All our research briefs are free to use but can not be reproduced for sale or placed behind a paywall or subscription based portal. The work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

    • Design and implementation of a non-communicable disease (NCD) screening programme in a rural African HIV clinic

      One of the key strategies to reduce the global impact of NCDs is investment in the technology, processes and structures to identify, diagnose and treat these conditions as early as possible. This research brief describes our study to investigate the feasibility and outcomes of an integrated, affordable screening programme for risk factors associated with diabetes and hypertension in a busy HIV clinic in rural Swaziland.

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    • Improving rational use of antibiotics in childhood upper respiratory tract infections in rural China – study methods, findings and implications

      There are currently very few studies on antibiotic use in western, rural provinces of China where the inappropriate use of antibiotics may be greater due to a weaker health system. In our study, a comprehensive care package targeting both doctors and caregivers in township hospitals has reduced antibiotic prescribing in children with URTIs by more than half.

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    • Cardiovascular disease risk reduction in rural China – interim findings and methods

      Hypertension and diabetes are major risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD), but in rural areas of China, management is poor. Interim findings from our study show that our intervention package has improved medication adherence and promoted better lifestyle choices among patients in township hospitals across Zhejiang province.

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    • Strengthening service delivery for malaria in pregnancy: an mHealth pilot intervention in West Nile, Uganda

      Pregnant women are more susceptible to malaria than non-pregnant women. Our research shows that texting educational messages to health workers improves their knowledge about intermittent preventive treatment for malaria in pregnancy (IPTp) and increases IPTp coverage.

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    • Health reporting in The Kathmandu Post: 2013 – 2014

      An infographic summarising findings from our analysis of 185 articles in The Kathmandu Post between 2013 and 2014. It shows the 7 main themes being reported and the relative frequency of stories within those categories. Issues about health service delivery, eg lack of equipment and staff, were written about most frequently, but overall we found that reporting focused on description rather than interrogation of health issues.

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    • What issues can Nepali journalists write about?

      An infographic summarising the list of health issues that Nepali journalists said they could write about in their respective media outlets. Standards of performance and negligence of doctors and lack of adequate and free urban health services were among the key themes they identified.

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    • Women and their mental and social wellbeing during multi-drug resistant TB treatment in Nepal

      Treatment for multi-drug resistant TB is long and arduous and can cause depression and poor mental and physical health in patients. Our research sheds new light on the additional negative influence of gender and marital status on women’s mental and social wellbeing during their MDR-TB treatment.

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    • Front cover of extended SMC research brief

      Extended seasonal malaria chemoprevention: is it effective and acceptable in areas with longer rainy seasons in Ghana?

      Extending seasonal malaria chemoprevention (SMC) from the usual 3 months to 5 months can significantly reduce the burden of malaria in areas with longer rainy seasons. This research brief summarises the key findings from our study in Ghana to investigate how effective a longer SMC programme is in protecting children aged under 5 and how acceptable the treatment regime is to caregivers, health workers and communities.

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    • Improving access to TB care for garment factory workers using Public-Private Partnerships in Bangladesh

      This brief outlines the challenges and impact of our research into providing garments factory workers with free TB treatment using Public Private Partnerships.

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    • Schistosomiasis: Knowledge, attitudes and practices in Nampula province, Mozambique

      A research brief infographic by our partners at Malaria Consortium exploring community perceptions and knowledge around schistosomiasis - a parasitic infection which mainly affects poor and marginalised communities.

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    • Schistosomiasis: Knowledge, attitudes and practices in Nampula province, Mozambique (Portuguese version)

      A Portuguese language version of an infographic by our partners at Malaria Consortium exploring community perceptions and knowledge around schistosomiasis - a parasitic infection which mainly affects poor and marginalised communities.

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    • Medical male circumcision: do women in Swaziland welcome it for their sons and at what age?

      A research brief detailing our work in rural Swaziland to understand the attitudes, barriers and enablers among women to early infant male circumcision for their sons.

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    • Structured ‘pre-ART’ care: a pathway to better health for people with HIV

      This study, carried out in a hospital in rural Swaziland, shows how the introduction of structured pre-ART care can significantly improve the retention and management of patients with HIV.

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    • Using behaviour change interventions to decrease tobacco use in Nepal

      An overview of the findings from our behaviour change intervention that helped 37% of smokers to quit

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